Reviewing Your Tax Obligations – Business Owners Guide

Navigating the maze of taxation can feel daunting, especially if you’re a small to medium-sized business owner.

The terms alone – ‘tax obligations,’ ‘deductions,’ ‘GST,’ ‘capital gains tax’ – can make one feel like they’re stumbling through an unknown territory. This uncertainty can lead to missed opportunities and potentially costly mistakes.

At Impala Accountants, we understand the unease and frustration this can cause. We’re here to provide clarity, guidance, and a straightforward approach to your tax obligations.

Understanding Your Tax Obligations

As a business owner, you have certain obligations to the Australian Taxation Office (ATO).

These responsibilities encompass more than merely submitting an annual tax return. These include registering for an Australian business number(ABN), setting up a proper record-keeping system, registering for GST if annual sales turnover exceeds a certain limit, and paying income tax on profit.  

You’re responsible for accurate financial reporting, paying the correct amount of tax, managing superannuation for employees, and adhering to GST obligations, among others.

Ignorance or non-compliance can lead to penalties and severe legal implications. Therefore, knowing your obligations can save your business from unprecedented losses and legal complications.

The complexity of these obligations can make it challenging to ensure you’re meeting every requirement. However, understanding the scope of your tax obligations is the first step towards ensuring you are on the right track.

The Ultimate Guide to Reviewing Your Tax Obligations

Reviewing your tax obligations is a two-fold process. The first part is understanding what these obligations are. The second is regularly reviewing and updating your knowledge as tax laws can and do change.

  1. Business Structure and Tax Implications:
    Different business structures – sole trader, partnership, trust, or company – come with varied tax obligations. It’s crucial to understand how your business structure impacts your tax obligations.
  2. Income and Expenses:
    Proper reporting of your business income and expenses is fundamental to your tax obligations. Keeping accurate records will not only help you claim all the allowable deductions but will also provide proof if the ATO audits your business.
  3. GST Obligations:
    If your business is registered for GST, you need to include GST in your prices, claim GST credits for your business expenses, and lodge activity statements with the ATO.
  4. Employee Obligations:
    As an employer, you have obligations regarding employees’ wages and benefits, including withholding tax, managing superannuation, and dealing with fringe benefits tax.

Regularly reviewing these aspects of your business can help you stay on top of your tax obligations, reducing the risk of penalties and helping you optimise your tax position.

How long do you need to keep tax records for a business?

According to the Australian Taxation Office (ATO), businesses are required to keep tax records for a minimum period of five years.

These records should clearly explain all transactions and be stored in a way that is simple to access and understand, ensuring businesses can easily comply with tax obligations. 

Ensure that your tax practitioner is registered with the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) and the Tax Practitioners Board (TPB)

A registered tax practitioner is legally authorised to provide tax advice and to lodge your tax returns, offering you security and professional advice. Registration with the ATO and the TPB signifies competence and adherence to professional standards. 

FAQs About Tax Obligations

How can I keep track of my tax obligations?

Using accounting software, maintaining well-organised financial records, and seeking professional help can significantly simplify tracking your tax obligations.

What happens if I don’t meet my tax obligations?

Failing to meet your tax obligations can lead to penalties and interest charges from the ATO. It could also trigger an audit.

How much tax does a small business pay in Australia? 

In Australia, small businesses’ tax rate depends on their income. As of 2023, for small companies with an annual turnover of less than AUD $50 million, the tax rate is 25%. For companies with a turnover exceeding AUD $50 million, the tax rate is 30%. If you are operating through a trust, income tax is paid by the beneficiary receiving the trust distribution. If you are operating as a partner, each partner is pays tax on their share of the partnership income.

Does Australia have international tax? 

Yes, Australia engages in international taxation through its Division 6AA of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1936. This act deals with income obtained from overseas sources. Australia has comprehensive Double Tax Agreements (DTAs) with over 40 countries, which prevent Australian companies and individuals from being taxed twice on the same income. 

How does ATO track overseas income? 

The Australian Tax Office (ATO) tracks overseas income through data-matching protocols with foreign tax offices. They collect information about foreign income, assets, and investments to ensure taxpayers are meeting their obligations. The ATO also has the power to audit offshore activities and can investigate unreported foreign income.

Next Steps

If you’re a small to medium-sized business owner, you don’t have to face the complex world of tax obligations alone. 

With our expertise, we can guide you through your obligations, ensuring that you meet your responsibilities and make the most of your tax position. 

We invite you to call us at 0755361960 or book an appointment online to find out how we can support you.


Staying on top of your tax obligations is critical for the smooth operation of your business. 

While the process might seem overwhelming, remember that you don’t have to go it alone. 

Professional help is available, and arming yourself with knowledge is the first step in the right direction. 

Never let the fear of ‘tax obligations’ hold back the growth and success of your business.

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